Islam: beliefs and institutions by Henri Lammens(Book) 44 editions published between and in English and held by WorldCat member libraries. “Islam: Beliefs and Institutions”, by Henri Lammens, (For some limited info: Publisher’s Notes): “This is a reprint of the late professor’s work on Jamal al-Din. Results 1 – 12 of 33 Fatima Et Les Filles de Mahomet; Notes Critiques Pour l’Étude de la Sira (French Edition). Aug 1, by Henri Lammens.
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Just fifteen years old, he leaves for Lebanon in Marchwhere he enters into the Societas Jesu on 23 July Following its resurrection inthis order was present in the region since Lammens spends as a pupil of the Jesuit College of Beirut and fulfils his noviciate in a convent north of Beirut during the next two years. During these years, Lammens acquires a profound knowledge of the Arabic language, which he subsequently goes on to teach at the Jesuit College between and These years see his first publications, mainly of a philological nature, the most prolific of which is a textbook for French students of Arabic After ending his teaching assignment he completes his Jesuit formation by studying theology in Beirut, Wales and Leuven and, finally, spending his last year of training in Vienna in Now a full Jesuit Father, he moves back to Beirut, where he fulfils various administrative tasks in the College.
During his final years of Jesuit training, Lammens exhibits an increasing scholarly activity.
Lammens, Henri [WorldCat Identities]
Inhe publishes a study on the seventh-century Umayyad poet Al-Akhtal, his first feat as an historian of Islam. In the following years, however, his budding activity in the study of Islamic history is eclipsed by other scholarly endeavours. Between and Lammens, like many contemporary Orientalist scholars, undertakes numerous travels throughout Syria, Lebanon and Palestine.
By scorning the internal politics and spiritual qualities of indigenous Churches, he supports the Unionist campaign. He thus reconnects with his earlier work on al-Akthal, a contemporary of both rulers. Just like in his study, he devotes a lot of attention to the role Christians in his opinion played in the Umayyad Caliphate.
To Lammens the Umayyads were able to build a strong empire because of their tolerance of and interactions with their Christian subjects.
Henri Lammens – Wikidata
AroundLammens shifts his focus to the earliest period of Islamic history. In these studies, Lammens not only stresses the inherently political character he sees Islam as having, a sentiment also expressed by other contemporary scholars.
Indeed, he not only targets historical Islam. Throughout his career, he publishes polemical articles on the politico-religious situation of contemporary Islam, consistently praising Christian and Western influences on the Islamic lzmmens. Inmoreover, after spending three years at the Jesuit College in Jenri, he is appointed to a professorship in Arabic at the papal Institutum Biblicum in Rome, where he lzmmens in an atmosphere of Catholic apologetics. His virulent criticism of both historical and contemporary Islam regularly exposes Lammens— in any case known for his jovial but stubborn and quick-tempered character — to criticism and polemics.
Many of them in any case share with Lammens a commitment to European imperialism and a belief in the superiority of Western civilization. Maintaining numerous correspondences, participating in international congresses and writing around eighty articles for the international Encyclopedia of Islam project, Lammens actively contributes to the formation of an international community for the study of Islam and Arabic.
Learning of German war crimes in Belgium, his writings show a clearup surge of Belgian nationalism. Meanwhile, he continues work on his study of the pre-Islamic Ehnri Peninsula, which he started during his stay in Rome.
He now sees pre-Islamic Arab culture and religion as a key to a deeper understanding of Islam and its Prophet. Because of the war both works only appear in the s.
His contemporary plan of writing a biography of the Prophet Muhammad, moreover, is boycotted by his clerical superiors because of his staunchly anti-Islamic reputation.
In Lammens returns to the usj to teach history and becomes involved in supporting the French colonial project in Syria and Lebanon, which France acquires as mandate territories in In doing so, he is motivated by his ideas on a historical Syrian nation, which he started developing in the early s. These are already reflected in his work on the Umayyads, which he characterises as a Syrian dynasty.
To him, Lamjens Syria present-day Syria, Lebanon, Palestine and Jordan is an authentic nation with a distinct territory and people. Inhe publishes a synthesis of the history and beliefs and institutions of Islam, one of his last major works.
Despite spending the majority of his career in the Middle East and strongly supporting French ambitions la,mens the region he retains — certainly in his own eyes — an identity as a Belgian scholar. In the early s his health definitively goes downhill. Struck by pammens paralysis, he dies in Beirut on 23 April Printed Sources Becker C.
Joseph21,p. Le chantre des Omiades, in Journal Asiatique9th series, 4,p. Scientific publications Gatier P. Biographical Dictionary of Overseas Belgians.